What is a Robot?

     Did you know that a robot is a machine capable of doing a complex series of equations automatically, especially ones  programmable by a computer? The word robot originates from the Czech word Robota which means “forced labor”. The reasons we have robots, “is to get the dirty work done” and I think this is a good way to describe some robots and their jobs. Some people say, they are great for house work, hazardous work to humans that are dangerous and many other jobs. As you probably know there are thousands of robots, here are some that you may know, Spotmini, Roomba, Loomo, Kuri, Pepper, and Sophia, a few of these are well known and I will talk about Sophia later.

    Every robot has five main components. The first component is the controller.  “Every robot is connected to a computer controller, which regulates the components of the arm and keeps them working together. Almost all robots are pre-programmed using devices or offline software programs”.  The second component is the Arm. “The arm is the part of the robot that positions the end-effector and sensors to do their pre-programmed business. Each joint is said to give the robot one degree of freedom. A simple robot arm with 3 degrees of freedom could move in 3 ways: up and down, left and right, forward and backward. Most working robots today have 6 degrees of freedom to allow them to reach any possible point in space within its work envelope. The human arm has 7”. The third component is the drive. This is a very important part to have if you want your arms to work, This is the section between the joints. Typically this is run by hydraulics. The fourth component is the end effector, this is usually thought of as the hand at the end of your robot’s arm which can be equipped with a blowtorch, gripper, tweezers, welder, and pretty much anything else imaginable. This now brings us to our last point in the components section. The fifth component is the sensor.  This is a part that varies in jobs. It is a sensor that helps your robot navigate in the dark or day, it is the sensor that lets it know the exact position of the arm, feet, head, etcetera.     

This brings us to the end of the components section and all of these components work together to work a robot. Now let’s talk about Sophia (Robot), Sophia can make 50 different facial expressions, they call her a social humanoid because of a high A.I. (Artificial Intelligence). She is primarily designed to help elderly at nursing homes, or to help at large crowds. She has 7 other “siblings” but I will not get into that this time. She is able to process speech and have conversations using a natural language subsystem. Around January 2018 she was fully upgraded with legs and has the ability to walk. Sophia appeared on CBS 60 with  Charles Rose and good Morning Britain And some other outlets such as CNBC, Mashable, the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Guardian, and the Tonight show with Jimmy Fallon. Soon she will be upgraded with a higher speech cuppacity and faster response. Well thanks for reading and that gives this a wrap see you next time!  

Published by Austin Anderson

I'm 14 years old, a Christian, and an entrepreneur. I like to help people and to learn to make money online, I created this blog to be the start of my followers who can also help the community!

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